What is Bio-medical Waste?
A hospital is an institution visited by people of any age, sex, & religion when they are medically unfit. The waste that arises from the institution like hospitals, health care facility, blood banks, is known as hospital waste or biomedical waste. Biomedical waste or hospital waste is a special category of waste that is dangerous due to its hazardous and infectious nature in comparison to other waste that’s why biomedical is treated separately in a common biomedical waste treatment & disposal facility.
According to Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2016 of India “A waste that is generated during the medical treatment of living beings or in research purposes or in the production or testing biological” is biomedical waste.
Categories of Biomedical waste:
According to Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2016 of India there are 10 categories of biomedical waste; every category is treated and disposed according to their composition of waste.
Why it is necessary to treat biomedical waste?
Serious health hazards are associated with the biomedical waste, if not treated properly. Untreated biomedical waste leads to the spread of infectious disease in humans & animals, it also pollutes the environment. It can cause water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution and when the living beings are exposed to this polluted environment, they eventually get infected. At present, people are not aware about the hazards associated with the biomedical waste & they also need to know the importance of biomedical waste management. Lack of awareness is also a reason for improper management of Biomedical Waste Management.
So, for the proper management of biomedical waste government came up with the idea of Common Biomedical Waste Treatment & Disposal Facility
What is a Common Biomedical Waste Treatment & Disposal Facility & what is the importance of this facility?
A Common Biomedical Waste Treatment & Disposal Facility or in simple words a biomedical waste management plant is a set up where biomedical waste generated from member health care facilities is treated to reduce the negative effect that can harm human health and environment. The treated waste finally sent for disposal in a secured landfill.
According to the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, "bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility" means any place where treatment, disposal of bio-medical waste is carried out.
The CBWTFs are also required to work in a manner which ensures environmentally sound management of bio-medical with less impact on human health and environment.