What is Hazardous Waste?

According to Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016. Hazardous waste means any waste which by reason of characteristics such as physical, chemical, biological, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or corrosive, causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or in contact with other wastes or substances.

Hazardous Waste Management Rules are notified to ensure safe handling , generation, processing, treatment, package, storage, transportation, use reprocessing, collection, conversion, and offering for sale, destruction and disposal of Hazardous Waste. These Rules came into effect in the year 1989 and have been amended later in the years 2000, 2003 and with final notification of the Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling and Trans- boundary Movement) Rules, 2008 in supersession of former notification. The Rules lay down corresponding duties of various authorities such as MoEF, CPCB, State/UT Govt., SPCBs/PCCs, DGFT, Port Authority and Custom Authority while State Pollution Control Boards/ Pollution Control Committees have been designated with wider responsibilities touching across almost every aspect of Hazardous wastes generation, handing and their disposal.


Who needs an authorization for Hazardous Waste?

Every occupier of the facility who is engaged in handling, generation, collection, storage, packaging, transportation, use, treatment, processing, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, co-processing, utilization, offering for sale, transfer or disposal of the hazardous and other wastes shall be required to get an authorization from the SPCB.


For Importing & Exporting Hazardous waste?

For importing and exporting Hazardous waste the individual have to take the one time authorization from the Ministry.

Documents Required for Hazardous Waste Management Authorization

For Proprietory / Partnership Concern

  • Proprietor Adhaar Card

  • Proprietor PAN Card

  • GST Certificate

  • Rent/Lease/proof of ownership of site

  • Factory License/Trade License

  • Electricity Bill

  • Layout Plan/Naksha

For Pvt Ltd / Public Ltd Company 

  •  All the above

  • Certificate of Incorporation (CIN)

  • MOA

  • Company PAN Card

  • Board Declaration for Authorized Signatory

List of Processes Generating Hazardous Wastes



Hazardous Waste*


Petrochemical processes and pyrolytic operations

1.1 Furnace or reactor residue and debris
1.2 Tarry residues and still bottoms from distillation
1.3 Oily sludge emulsion
1.4 Organic residues
1.5 Residues from alkali wash of fuels

1.6 Spent catalyst and molecular sieves
1.7 Oil from wastewater treatment


Crude oil and natural gas production

2.1 Drill cuttings excluding those from water
based mud
2.2 Sludge containing oil
2.3 Drilling mud containing oil


Cleaning, emptying and maintenance of petroleum oil storage tanks including ships

3.1 cargo residue, washing water and sludge containing oil
3.2 cargo residue and sludge containing chemicals
3.3 Sludge and filters  contaminated with oil
3.4 Ballast water containing oil from ships


Petroleum refining or reprocessing of used oil or recycling of waste oil

4.1 Oil sludge or emulsion
4.2 Spent catalyst
4.3 Slop oil
4.4 Organic residue from processes
4.5 Spent clay containing oil


Industrial operations using mineral or synthetic oil as lubricant in hydraulic systems or other applications

5.1 Used or spent oil
5.2 Wastes or residues containing oil
5.3 Waste cutting oils


Secondary production and / or industrial use of zinc

6.1 Sludge and filter press cake arising out of
production of Zinc Sulphate and other Zinc
6.2 Zinc fines or dust or ash or skimmings in
dispersible form
6.3 Other residues from processing of zinc ash or
6.4 Flue gas dust and other particulates


Primary production of zinc or lead
or copper and other non-ferrous
metals except aluminium

7.1 Flue gas dust from roasting
7.2 Process residues
7.3 Arsenic-bearing sludge
7.4 Non-ferrous metal bearing sludge and
7.5 Sludge from scrubbers


Secondary production of copper

8.1 Spent electrolytic solutions
8.2 Sludge and filter cakes
8.3 Flue gas dust and other particulates


Secondary production of lead

9.1 Lead bearing residues
9.2 Lead ash or particulate from flue gas
9.3 Acid from used batteries


Production and/or industrial use of cadmium and arsenic and their compounds

10.1 Residues containing cadmium and arsenic


Production of primary and secondary aluminum

11.1 Sludges from off-gas treatment
11.2 Cathode residues including pot lining
11.3 Tar containing wastes
11.4 Flue gas dust and other particulates
11.5 Drosses and waste from treatment of
salt sludge

11.6 Used anode butts
11.7 Vanadium sludge from alumina


Metal surface treatment, such as
etching, staining, polishing,
galvanizing, cleaning, degreasing,
plating, etc.

12.1 Acidic and alkaline residues
12.2 Spent acid and alkali
12.3 Spent bath and sludge containing sulphide,
cyanide and toxic metals
12.4 Sludge from bath containing organic
12.5 Phosphate sludge
12.6 Sludge from staining bath
12.7 Copper etching residues
12.8 Plating metal sludge


Production of iron and steel
including other ferrous alloys
(electric furnace; steel rolling and
finishing mills; Coke oven and by
products plant)

13.1 Spent pickling liquor
13.2 Sludge from acid recovery unit
13.3 Benzol acid sludge
13.4 Decanter tank tar sludge
13.5 Tar storage tank residue
13.6 Residues from coke oven by product plant.


Hardening of steel

14.1 Cyanide-, nitrate-, or nitrite -containing
14.2 Spent hardening salt


Production of asbestos or asbestos-containing materials

15.1 Asbestos-containing residues
15.2 Discarded asbestos
15.3 Dust or particulates from exhaust gas


Production of caustic soda and

16.1 Mercury bearing sludge generated from
mercury cell process
16.2 Residue or sludges and filter cakes
16.3 Brine sludge


Production of mineral acids

17.1 Process acidic residue, filter cake, dust
17.2 Spent catalyst


Production of nitrogenous and
complex fertilizers

18.1 Spent catalyst
18.2 Carbon residue
18.3 Sludge or residue containing arsenic
18.4 Chromium sludge from water cooling tower


Production of phenol

19.1 Residue or sludge containing phenol
19.2 Spent catalyst


Production and/or industrial use of

20.1 Contaminated aromatic, aliphatic or
napthenic solvents may or may not be fit for
20.2 Spent solvents
20.3 Distillation residues
20.4 Process Sludge


Production and/or industrial use of
paints, pigments, lacquers,
varnishes and inks

21.1 Process wastes, residues and sludges
21.2 Spent solvent


Production of plastics

22.1 Spent catalysts
22.2 Process residues


Production and /or industrial use
of glues, organic cements,adhesive and resins

23.1 Wastes or residues (not made with
vegetable or animal materials)

23.2 Spent solvents


Production of canvas and textiles

24.1 Chemical residues


Industrial production and
formulation of wood preservatives

25.1 Chemical residues
25.2 Residues from wood alkali bath


Production or industrial use of
synthetic dyes, dye-intermediates
and pigments

26.1 Process waste sludge/residues containing
acid, toxic metals, organic compounds
26.2 Dust from air filtration system
26.3 Spent acid
26.4 Spent solvent
26.5 Spent catalyst


Production of organic-silicone

27.1 Process residues


Production/formulation of
drugs/pharmaceutical and health
care product

28.1 Process Residue and wastes
28.2 Spent catalyst
28.3 Spent carbon
28.4 Off specification products
28.5 Date-expired products
28.6 Spent solvents


Production, and formulation of pesticides including stock-piles

29.1 Process wastes or residues
29.2 Sludge containing residual pesticides
29.3 Date-expired and off-specification
29.4 Spent solvents
29.5 Spent catalysts
29.6 Spent acids


Leather tanneries

30.1 Chromium bearing residue and sludge


Electronic Industry

31.1 Process residue and wastes
31.2 Spent etching chemicals and solvents


Pulp and Paper Industry

32.1 Spent chemicals
32.2 Corrosive wastes arising from use of strong
acid and bases
32.3 Process sludge containing adsorbable
organic halides(AOX)


Handling of hazardous chemicals
and wastes

33.1 Empty barrels/containers/liners
contaminated with hazardous chemicals
33.2 Contaminated cotton rags or other cleaning


De-contamination of barrels /
containers used for handling of
hazardous wastes/chemicals

34.1 Chemical-containing residue arising from
34.2 Sludge from treatment of waste water
arising out of cleaning / disposal of barrels /


Purification and treatment of
exhaust air/gases, water and
waste water from the processes in
this schedule and common
industrial effluent treatment plants

35.1 Exhaust Air or Gas cleaning residue
35.2 Spent ion exchange resin containing toxic
35.3 Chemical sludge from waste water
35.4 Oil and grease skimming
35.5 Chromium sludge from cooling water


Purification process for organic compounds/solvents

36.1 Any process or distillation residue

36.2 Spent carbon or filter medium


Hazardous waste treatment
processes, e.g. pre-processing,
incineration and concentration.

37.1 Sludge from wet scrubbers
37.2 Ash from incinerator and flue gas cleaning
37.3 Concentration or evaporation residues


Chemical processing of Ores
containing heavy metals such as
Chromium, Manganese, Nickel,
Cadmium etc.

38.1 Process residues
38.2 Spent acid

List of Hazardous Wastes Applicable for Import and Export with Prior Informed Consent

Basel No.

Description of Hazardous Wastes


Metal and Metal bearing wastes


Metal wastes and waste consisting of alloys of any of the following but
excluding such wastes specifically listed in Part B and Part D


- Antimony


- Cadmium


- Lead


- Tellurium


Waste having as constituents or contaminants, excluding metal wastes in
massive form, any or the following:


- Antimony, antimony compounds


- Cadmium, cadmium compounds


- Lead, lead compounds


- Tellurium, tellurium compounds


Waste having metal carbonyls as constituents


Galvanic sludges


Leaching residues from zinc processing, dust and sludges such as jarosite,
hematite, etc.


Waste zinc residues not included in Part B, containing lead and cadmium in
concentrations sufficient to exhibit hazard characteristics indicated in Part C


Ashes from the incineration of insulated copper wire


Dusts and residues from gas cleaning systems of copper smelters


Waste sludges, excluding anode slimes, from electrolyte purification systems
in copper electrorefining and electrowinning operations


Waste cupric chloride and copper cyanide catalysts not in liquid form note the
related entry in Schedule VI


Precious metal ash from incineration of printed circuit boards not included in
Part B


Waste lead acid batteries, whole or crushed


Unsorted waste batteries excluding mixtures of only Part B batteries. Waste
batteries not specified in Part B containing constituents mentioned in
Schedule II to an extent to render them hazardous


Wastes containing principally inorganic constituents, which may
contain metals and organic materials


Glass waste from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glasses


Waste catalysts but excluding such wastes specified in Part B


Wastes containing principally organic constituents, which may contain
metals and inorganic materials


Waste from the production or processing of petroleum coke and bitumen


Waste mineral oils unfit for their originally intended use


Wastes from production, formulation and use of resins, latex, plasticizers,
glues or adhesives excluding such wastes specified in Part B (B4020)


Fluff-light fraction from shredding


Waste organic phosphorus compounds


Wastes which may contain either inorganic or organic constituents


Wastes from the production, preparation and use of pharmaceutical products
but excluding such waste specified in Part B


Wastes from the manufacture, formulation and use of wood-preserving
chemicals (does not include wood treated with wood preserving chemicals)


Waste from the production, formulation and use of inks, dyes, pigments,
paints, lacquers, varnish excluding those specified in Part B (B4010)


Wastes from industrial pollution control devices for cleaning of industrial offgases
but excluding such wastes specified in Part B


Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated with peroxides.


Wastes packages and containers containing Schedule II constituents in
concentration sufficient to exhibit Part C of Schedule III hazard characteristics.


Waste consisting of or containing off specification or outdated chemicals
(unused within the period recommended by the manufacturer) corresponding
to constituents mentioned in Schedule II and exhibiting Part C of Schedule III
hazard characteristics.


Spent activated carbon not included in Part B, B2060



How to get Hazardous Waste Management Authorization?


E Wallet

Connect With Corpseed

Connect with the team corpseed to discuss specific requirements for your business at IVR: +91 7558 640 644 or It takes 20-25 minutes to discuss requirement.

E Wallet

Dedicated Manager

Once you discuss the requirement, we will align a dedicated Account managers are here to help understand your business and provide best solutions and assist you with the entire process.

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Real Time Update

Use our platform to track progress of application and many more. Always know what is going on with your application, what is in progress, and what is done.

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Job Completed

Once job is completed, you will receive documents directly to your email ID and at your doorstep along with 30 days payback guarantee incase not satisfied with the services.



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